Jim Broadside is locked in the fo’csle but it didn’t stop him from sending his latest Nautical Quiz via carrier pigeon.

AFLOAT Nautical Quiz 286

1.     The first ‘commercially successful’ container ship sailed in:

  • 1956
  • 1976
  • 1986

2.     Coastal freighter SS Wollongbar sunk off NSW 1943 and just discovered:

  • Was sunk by a boiler explosion
  • Was sunk by a Japanese submarine
  • Collided with an unchartered rock

3.     Largest submarine ever built was by:

  • France
  • Russia
  • USA

4.     Independent Regatta Director for the 2021 America’s Cup is:

  • John Craig
  • David Graham
  • Iain Murray

5.     To ‘dubb ‘in relation to a wooden vessel is to:

  • Paint its name on the hull
  • Smooth a plank with an adze
  • Disinfect heads and bathing areas

6.     Fishing outside countries’ Exclusive Economic Zones is governed by:

  • Regional Fisheries Management Organisations and their member countries
  • Maritime Forces of adjacent countries
  • United Nations’ World Health Organisation (WHO)

7.     Major restoration projects under way by Sydney Heritage Fleet number:

  • Two
  • Four
  • Six

8.     A ‘mast coat’ on a yacht is intended to:

  • Disguise the setting of sails to confuse competing yachts
  • Protect it from ultraviolet damage while moored
  • Prevent entry of water where the mast penetrates to main deck.

9.     RAN’s Plan Galileo is intended to:

  • Assess the sun’s effects on ocean currents
  • Improve night navigation capacity
  • Change how Navy carries out sustainment of the Fleet.

10.  U Boat Worx Nemo submersible costs and weighs:

  • EUR€975,000 (approx. AUD$1,620,000), weighs 2,500kgs
  • EUR€1,250,000 (AUD$2,074,000), weighs 2,700 kgs
  • EUR€1,450,000 (AUD$2,406,000), weighs 2,950 kgs

Answers to Nautical Quiz 286

  1. The first ‘commercially successful’ container ship sailed in 1956 – SS Ideal X, a converted WW2 oil tanker. Various containers had been tried for centuries but standardised containers removed the need for manual sorting of shipments, most warehousing, and most dock workers. They reduced port congestion, shipping times and losses from damage and theft.
  2. Coastal freighter SS Wollongbar lost off Crescent Head NSW on 29 April 1943, and just discovered, was sunk by a Japanese submarine with the loss of 23 of its 28 crew members.
  3. The largest submarine ever built is the Russian Typhoon (or Shark) class. It carried ballistic missiles and was 175m long with a submerged displacement of over 48 000 tonnes. It had twin pressure hulls and extensive facilities for crew welfare.
  4. Independent Regatta Director for the 2021 America’s Cup is Australian Iain Murray – his third such role. He has contested numerous world championships for 18ft skiffs and Etchells, four America’s Cups, and 26 Sydney-Hobart yacht races with three overall victories. John Craig was the previous AC IRD, and David Graham is CEO of World Sailing.
  5. To ‘dubb ‘in relation to a wooden vessel is to smooth a plank with an adze to make it suitable for use on the deck or sides. An adze was also used to assess the condition of ageing planks.
  6. Fishing outside countries’ Exclusive Economic Zones is governed by Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMO) and their member countries. Most RFMO manage fish stocks in their region, but some manage highly migratory fish species like tuna and dolphins.
  7. Major restoration projects under way by Sydney Heritage Fleet number Two. These are 1927 Steam Ship John Oxley and 1950s Speedboat Kookaburra II. Several small wooden boats are also being restored.
  8. A ‘mast coat’ is intended to prevent entry of water where the mast penetrates the main deck and is stepped above the keel. It is usually made of painted canvas or rubber.
  9. RAN’s Plan Galileo is intended to change how Navy carries out sustainment of the Fleet. It involves integrated Capability Life Cycle management, learning new technologies, and generating the necessary skilled workforce.
  10. U Boat Worx Nemo 2-seat personal submersible costs EUR€975,000 (approx. AUD$1,620,000) and weighs 2,500kgs.

AFLOAT Nautical Quiz 285

1. The last commercial sailing vessel to round Cape Horn was:

  • Cutty Sark
  • Esmeralda
  • Pamir

2. ‘Pouches’ in cargo ships were:

  • Temporary bulkheads to stop cargo shifting
  • Side buffers for use when docking alongside
  • A crew member ordered to picket dangerous cargo

3. A ‘purse’ net is one that:

  • Allows fishing at higher speeds
  • Has a closable lower section
  • Opens unexpectedly allowing the catch to escape

4. ‘Steerage Way’ is the:

  • Course being followed
  • Method of transmitting orders from bridge to engine room
  • Speed that allows a rudder to be effective

5. The Japanese Fleet victory over the Russian fleet in 1905:

  • Caused the Russian Navy to focus on Submarines
  • Removed the Russian naval threat from the Pacific for many years
  • Was instrumental in Japan becoming an ally of Australia in WW1.

6. The next event in the 2021 America’s Cup series is planned for:

  • Sardegna – Caglari, Italy
  • Portsmouth, England
  • Auckland, New Zealand

7. ‘Ground tackle’ refers to:

  • Damaged equipment
  • All equipment allowing anchorage or mooring
  • Items lost overboard

8. A ‘leviathan’ was traditionally a:

  • Large anchor chain capstan
  • Uncharted protrusion just below the surface
  • A huge sea animal

9. A ‘Cross Staff’ is an:

  • Angry crew member
  • Aid to enhance safety when belaying a line
  • Early device for measuring altitude of a celestial body

10. Easter Island was so named because:

  • Dutch merchants arrived there on Easter Day
  • It was most easterly of a group of four islands
  • It was ‘discovered’ at dawn on the vernal equinox

Answers to Nautical Quiz 285

  1. The last commercial sailing vessel to round Cape Horn was the 4-masted barque Pamir in 1947. She was built in Germany in 1905, carried 3 800 sqm of sails; was taken as reparations by Italy after WW1 and by New Zealand after WW2. She was repurchased by a German company but sunk with loss of most on board off the Azores in 1957.
  2. Pouches in cargo ships were temporary bulkheads to stop cargo shifting.
  3. A ‘purse’ net is one that has a closable lower section that traps fish enclosed
  4. Steerage Way is the speed of a vessel at which the rudder is effective in steering.
  5. The Japanese Fleet victory over the Russian fleet in the Battle of Tsushima on 27 May 1905 removed the Russian naval threat from the Pacific for over 60 years.
  6. The America’s Cup 2021 Series races planned for Spain (late April) and England early June) were cancelled because of the Covid-19 outbreak.  At present, the first 2021 America’s Cup series is to be at Auckland in mid-December 2020, with final races 6-21 March 2021.
  7. ‘Ground tackle’ refers to all equipment carried by a vessel that allows anchoring and/or mooring.
  8. A ‘leviathan’ was traditionally a huge sea animal, such as crocodiles, sea dragons, serpents and whales.
  9. A ‘Cross Staff’ is an early device for measuring altitude of a celestial body, It depends on the properties of similar triangles. Similar devices are still used by Arabian navigators.
  10. Easter Island (Rapa Nui) was so named because Dutch East India Company vessels under command of Jacob Roggeveen arrived there on Easter Day, 5 April 1722. This Polynesian Island in the SE Pacific contains many humanoid monoliths.